The 1,000 Greatest Films (500-401)

The banner image above is from Josef von Sternberg's The Scarlet Empress.
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Gimme Shelter

Gimme Shelter


1970 / USA / 91m / Col / Music, Documentary
Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts, Keith Richards, Mick Taylor, Bill Wyman, Marty Balin, Sonny Barger, Melvin Belli, Dick Carter, Jack Casady
"Called the greatest rock film ever made, this landmark documentary follows the Rolling Stones on their notorious 1969 U.S. tour. When three hundred thousand members of the Love Generation collided with a few dozen Hells Angels at San Francisco’s Altamont Speedway, Direct Cinema pioneers David and Albert Maysles and Charlotte Zwerin were there to immortalize on film the bloody slash that transformed a decade’s dreams into disillusionment." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Derek Cianfrance, José Padilha, John Cameron Mitchell, Todd Phillips, Ally Derks.
499
478
Safe

Safe


1995 / USA / 119m / Col / Medical Drama, Psychological Drama
Julianne Moore, Xander Berkeley, Dean Norris, Peter Friedman, Susan Norman, Kate McGregor Stewart, Mary Carver, Julie Burgess, James LeGros, Jessica Harper
"Todd Haynes's enviro-disease masterpiece Safe might just be the most terrifying film of the last decade. There are no monsters or homicidal maniacs here—instead, the film's horror emanates from an abstruse place where suburban drudgery gives way to a self-inflicted, existential crisis. The film's narrative is far from typical and its protagonist, Carol White (Moore), is painfully unextraordinary. She is the marginal housewife whose slight frame seems to wither beneath her giant shoulder pads. Carol is privileged yet disconnected from everything in her life—her husband, her friends, even her stepson." - Sal Cinquemani, Slant Magazine
Selected by Ray Carney, Ryan Gilbey, Charles Gant, Christine Molloy, David Filipi.
498
496
Chronicle of a Summer

Chronicle of a Summer

Chronique d'un été (original title)

1961 / France / 85m / BW / Culture & Society, Documentary
Marceline Loridan Ivens, Marilu Parolini, Jean Rouch, Angelo, Régis Debray, Jacques, Jean-Pierre, Landry, Edgar Morin, Sophie
"A joint effort by French ethnographer-filmmaker Jean Rouch and French sociologist Edgar Morin (The Stars) yielded this remarkable 1961 documentary investigation into what Parisians — regarded as a “strange tribe” — were thinking and feeling during the summer of 1960. This was when the war in Algeria was still a hot issue, although many other topics are discussed as well, private as well as public. At first, everyone is asked, simply, “Are you happy?” More generally, the film catches the shifting emotional tenor of a few lives over a certain period." - Jonathan Rosenbaum
Selected by Charles Musser, Eric Kohn, Martin Brady, Raqs Media Collective, Xie Meng.
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534
La Terra trema

La Terra trema

La Terra trema: Episodio del mare (original title); The Earth Trembles (alternative title)

1948 / Italy / 160m / BW / Drama, Docudrama
Luchino Visconti, Antonio Pietrangeli, Maria Micale, Sebastiano Valastro, Antonino Micale, Nelluccia Giammona, Agnes Giammona, Salvatore Vicari, Giuseppe Vicari, Giuseppe Arcidiacono
"Visconti's second feature (five years after Ossessione in 1942) was an improvised drama produced by the Communist Party, filmed with and among Sicilian fishermen in the village of Aci-Trezza. An overwhelmingly stark chronicle of a family which strives but fails to break out of the poverty trap, La Terra Trema‚ stands as a masterpiece of neo-realism, a social conscience cinema of proletarian ways and means. Yet, despite this, it's no less 'operatic' than the director's later decadent melodramas: it surges with great tides of emotion. The film is distinguished by its vivid camerawork, at once poetic and 'documentary'." - Tom Charity, Time Out
Selected by José María de Orbe, Ulrich Gregor, Bryan Chang, Augusto M. Seabra, Ramin Bahrani.
496
462
Strangers on a Train

Strangers on a Train


1951 / USA / 101m / BW / Psychological Thriller, Crime Thriller
Farley Granger, Robert Walker, Ruth Roman, Leo G. Carroll, Patricia Hitchcock, Laura Elliott, Marion Lorne, Howard St. John, Jonathan Hale, John Brown
"Strangers on a Train is subversively ghoulish even by director Alfred Hitchcock's standards. The film, taken from an early novel by Patricia Highsmith, has an irresistibly pragmatic hook: Two men, both of whom are tormented by respective intimate persons they wish to off, will trade murders so as to properly prepare much-needed alibis… Strangers on a Train is also simply a great thriller, yet another illustration of Hitchcock's awe-inspiring ability to convey more with a single image than most directors can with minutes upon minutes of belabored set pieces." - Chuck Bowen, Slant Magazine
Selected by Whit Stillman, Mike Newell, Pen-Ek Ratanaruang, Albert Maysles, Jonathan Lynn.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
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Laura

Laura


1944 / USA / 85m / BW / Mystery, Film Noir
Gene Tierney, Dana Andrews, Clifton Webb, Vincent Price, Judith Anderson, Dorothy Adams, James Flavin, Clyde Fillmore, Ralph Dunn, Grant Mitchell
"It's basically a B-feature whodunnit posing the question: who murdered the beautiful New York advertising executive Laura Hunt? But the film is raised to classic status by the witty script, David Raksin's score, Joseph LaShelle's subtle monochrome photography, and the way Preminger is more concerned with exploring the perversity of its generally dislikable characters (including the homicide detective) than in creating suspense. Preminger made darker, more characteristically noir films than this, but his only movie that's as good, or perhaps better, is Anatomy of a Murder." - Philip French, The Observer
Selected by Bong Joon-ho, David Meeker, Senem Aytaç, Dan Georgakas, John Baldessari.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
494
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Mad Max 2

Mad Max 2

The Road Warrior (alternative title)

1981 / Australia / 94m / Col / Action, Science Fiction
Mel Gibson, Bruce Spence, Vernon Wells, Emil Minty, Mike Preston, Kjell Nilsson, Virginia Hey, Syd Heylen, Moira Claux, David Slingsby
"George Miller's 1981 sequel to his 1980 sleeper, Mad Max. Set in a postapocalyptic Australia, where nomadic tribes battle each other for precious gasoline, it's a highly stylized, roaringly dynamic action film that shuns plot and characterization in favor of a crazy iconographical melange—it's like the work of a western punk trucker de Sade… For pure rhythm and visual panache, Miller has few real competitors; the climactic chase, with its deft variation of tempo and point of view, is a minor masterpiece." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by Michael Koller, Sean Baker, Zack Snyder, Guillermo del Toro, Robert Rodriguez.
493
477
Shadow of a Doubt

Shadow of a Doubt


1943 / USA / 108m / BW / Thriller, Psychological Thriller
Joseph Cotten, Teresa Wright, Macdonald Carey, Henry Travers, Patricia Collinge, Hume Cronyn, Wallace Ford, Edna May Wonacott, Irving Bacon, Charles Bates
"One of Hitchcock's finest films of the '40s, with Cotten as the infamous 'Merry Widow' murderer, who takes refuge with the small-town family of his sister (Collinge). Focusing on adoring niece Wright's dawning realisation that her kind, generous and handsome uncle is in fact a cold and cynical killer, the film is not only psychologically intriguing (both niece and uncle are called Charlie, and he arrives in town as if in answer to her prayers for excitement), but a sharp dissection of middle American life, in its own quiet way an ancestor of Blue Velvet... Funny, gripping, and expertly shot by Joe Valentine, it's a small but memorable gem." - Geoff Andrew, Time Out
Selected by Guillermo del Toro, Diane Negra, Noël Burch, James Mangold, Sam Ho.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
492
448
Kagemusha

Kagemusha

Shadow Warrior (alternative title)

1980 / Japan / 159m / Col / Historical Epic, Samurai Film
Tatsuya Nakadai, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Kenichi Hagiwara, Jinpachi Nezu, Shuji Otaki, Daisuke Ryu, Masayuki Yui, Kaori Momoi, Mitsuko Baisho, Hideo Murota
"When a warlord dies, a peasant thief is called upon to impersonate him, and then finds himself haunted by the warlord’s spirit as well as his own ambitions. In his late, color masterpiece Kagemusha, Akira Kurosawa returns to the samurai film and to a primary theme of his career—the play between illusion and reality. Sumptuously reconstructing the splendor of feudal Japan and the pageantry of war, Kurosawa creates a historical epic that is also a meditation on the nature of power." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Carlos Saura, David Robinson, Evans Chan, Josué Méndez, Oliver Schmitz.
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All That Jazz

All That Jazz


1979 / USA / 123m / Col / Musical, Showbiz Drama
Roy Scheider, Jessica Lange, Ann Reinking, Leland Palmer, Cliff Gorman, Ben Vereen, Erzsebet Foldi, Michael Tolan, Max Wright, William LeMassena
"Fosse might owe a lot to Fellini's plunge into self-obsession, but the pungent texture of showbiz grime and sweaty, thrusting body geometry are completely his own. In powerhouse numbers like "Take Off With Us" and the infamous "Bye-Bye Love", Fosse brings his own unique style of rhythmic, dance-like film editing that he initiated with Cabaret to its apotheosis. Never content to cut on a beat, instead he makes razor-sharp edits at the change of a dancer's direction, or as an extension of his combination moves. In essence, he turns the art of the edit into its own form of choreography. All That Jazz may be Fosse's finest cinematic achievement.." - Eric Henderson, Slant Magazine
Selected by Jan Svěrák, Juan José Campanella, Nae Caranfil, Sofia Coppola, Odie Henderson.
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East of Eden

East of Eden


1955 / USA / 115m / Col / Family Drama, Rural Drama
James Dean, Raymond Massey, Julie Harris, Richard Davalos, Burl Ives, Jo Van Fleet, Albert Dekker, Lois Smith, Harold Gordon, Timothy Carey
"It was Kazan's first color film and his first CinemaScope production. He handles both magnificently. He shoots in longer takes, which gives the film the slower pace of an older age and draws the eye to Dean's restlessness and nervous spontaneity, which stands out against the calm and control of the rest of cast. "His body was much more expressive, actually, in free movement, than Brando's it had so much tension to it," observed Kazan. "Dean had a very vivid body; and I did play a lot with it in long shots." - Sean Axmaker, TCM
Selected by Krzysztof Zanussi, Robert De Niro, Bruno Barreto, Gulbara Tolomushova, Lone Scherfig.
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Bartin Fink

Barton Fink


1991 / USA / 117m / Col / Comedy Drama, Black Comedy
John Turturro, John Goodman, Judy Davis, Michael Lerner, John Mahoney, Tony Shalhoub, Jon Polito, Steve Buscemi, David Warrilow, Richard Portnow
"What Raising Arizona was to baby lust, Barton Fink is to writer's block -- a rapturously funny, strangely bittersweet, moderately horrifying and, yes, truly apt description of the condition and its symptoms… Though it defies genre, it seems to work best as a tart self-portrait, a screwball film noir that expresses the Coens' own alienation from Hollywood. A cineaste's landmark on a par with Blue Velvet, this is an experience to savor over and over." - Rita Kempley, Washington Post
Selected by Ari Folman, David O. Mahony, Mehmet Açar, Roberta Ciabarra, Warwick Thornton.
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Shane

Shane


1953 / USA / 118m / Col / Western, Psychological Western
Alan Ladd, Jean Arthur, Van Heflin, Brandon de Wilde, Jack Palance, Ben Johnson, Edgar Buchanan, Elisha Cook Jr., Emile Meyer, John Dierkes
"The plot of Shane is a masterpiece of simplicity… Shane tries to encapsulate the cultural ethos of the Western. Rather than avoiding the clichés, platitudes and stereotypes of the genre, Shane pursues and embraces them. With the exception of a saloon girl and an Indian attack, all of the ingredients of the typical Western are present: the wide open spaces, the ranchers feuding with the farmers, the homesteading family trying to build a life, the rival gunman, the absence of law… Embodying as it does the look and feel of the Western, Shane becomes an essential rarity; it not only preserves but honors our belief in our heritage." - Stephen E. Bowles, Film Reference
Selected by José Mojica Marins, John Ewing, Patrick Russell, Tony Macklin, Charles Burnett.
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507
Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors

Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors

Tini zabutykh predkiv (original title)

1964 / USSR / 97m / Col / Drama, Period Film
Ivan Mikolajchuk, Larisa Kadochnikova, Tatyana Bestayeva, Spartak Bagashvili, Nikolai Grinko, Leonid Yengibarov, Nina Alisova, Aleksandr Gaj, Neonila Gnepovskaya, A. Raydanov
"Sergei Paradjanov's masterpiece won a raft of awards at international film festivals. Yet it was scarcely seen in his homeland, as much through studio hostility as official disapproval… However, Paradjanov's sole purpose was to challenge conventional methods of screen storytelling and redefine the audience's relationship to the moving image. Thus, he deconstructed the very processes of narration and representation, so that every frame confounded the viewer's expectation and forced them to reappraise both the action itself and their approach to spectatorship… Pure genius." - David Parkinson, Empire
Selected by Peter Strickland, Amit Dutta, Andriy Khalpakhchi, Bauyrzhan Nogerbek, Masoud Amralla Al Ali.
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The Devil, Probably

The Devil, Probably

Le Diable probablement (original title)

1977 / France / 95m / Col / Drama, Psychological Drama
Antoine Monnier, Tina Irissari, Henri de Maublanc, Laetitia Carcano, Nicholas Deguy, Regis Hanrion, Geoffrey Gaussen, Roger Honorat, Vincent Cottrel, Laurence Delannoy
"Constructed as a flashback from news reports of a young man’s suspicious suicide, Robert Bresson’s splenetic 1977 drama puts the post-1968 world on trial and judges it unlivable… Bresson’s chilling visions of daily life suggest its hostility to the passions of youth. The film, however, offers a near-parody of the tamped-down spiritual universe of Bresson’s earlier work: these children of the revolution tremble with uncertainty, and their loose gestures and shambling ways conflict with his precise images. Both the world and Bresson’s cinema are in disarray, and the signs of his inner conflict are deeply troubling and tremendously moving." - Richard Brody, The New Yorker
Selected by Dennis Lim, Gregg Araki, Matías Piñeiro, Brad Deane, Filipe Furtado.
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Short Cuts

Short Cuts


1993 / USA / 189m / Col / Ensemble Film, Urban Drama
Tim Robbins, Lily Tomlin, Tom Waits, Matthew Modine, Frances McDormand, Andie MacDowell, Annie Ross, Jack Lemmon, Madeleine Stowe, Peter Gallagher
"The visions of two great American artists merge in Short Cuts, maverick director Robert Altman’s kaleidoscopic adaptation of Raymond Carver short stories. Epic in scale yet meticulously observed, the film interweaves the lives of twenty-two characters struggling to find solace and meaning in contemporary Los Angeles. The extraordinary ensemble cast includes Tim Robbins, Julianne Moore, Robert Downey, Jr., Jack Lemmon, and Jennifer Jason Leigh; all giving fearless performances in one of Altman’s most compassionate creations." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Destin Daniel Cretton, Beat Glur, Klaus Kreimeier, Mani Haghighi, Matthew Leyland.
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524
The Damned

The Damned

La Caduta degli dei (original title)

1969 / Italy-West Germany / 155m / Col / Political Drama, Family Drama
Dirk Bogarde, Ingrid Thulin, Helmut Griem, Helmut Berger, Renaud Verley, Umberto Orsini, Reinhard Kolldehoff, Albrecht Schoenhals, Florinda Bolkan, Charlotte Rampling
"Like so many of Visconti's films, The Damned is the story of the decline and decomposition of a family, and as in Senso and The Leopard in particular, the fortunes of individuals are linked to wider developments at a climactic moment of history… In short, The Damned , without being one of Visconti's finest films, is still a remarkable work, but it is one which, for its own sake, needs to be rescued from some of the more inflated claims—political, psycho-sexual, and mythological—which have sometimes been made for it, albeit with the best of intentions." - Julian Petley, Film Reference
Selected by Olivier Assayas, Andrei Plakhov, Gleb Panfilov, Andriy Khalpakhchi, Jean-Stephane Sauvaire.
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494
All the President's Men

All the President's Men


1976 / USA / 138m / Col / Political Drama, Paranoid Thriller
Dustin Hoffman, Robert Redford, Jack Warden, Martin Balsam, Hal Holbrook, Jason Robards, Jane (1) Alexander, Meredith Baxter Birney, Ned Beatty, Stephen Collins
"Inevitably softened by hints of self-congratulation concerning the success of Woodward and Bernstein's uncovering of the Watergate affair, Pakula's film is nevertheless remarkably intelligent, working both as an effective thriller (even though we know the outcome of their investigations) and as a virtually abstract charting of the dark corridors of corruption and power. Pakula's visual set-ups are often extraordinary, contrasting the light of the Washington Post newsroom with the shadows in which hides star informant Deep Throat, and dramatically engulfing Hoffman and Redford in monumental buildings to stress the enormity of their task." - Geoff Andrew, Time Out
Selected by Robert Redford, Bruce Robinson, George Clooney, Rod Lurie, Diane Negra.
482
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The Wind

The Wind


1928 / USA / 88m / BW / Drama, Psychological Drama
Lillian Gish, Lars Hanson, Montagu Love, Dorothy Cumming, Edward Earle, William Orlamond, Leon Janney, Carmencita Johnson, Billy Kent Schaefer
"One of cinema's great masterpieces… Swedish emigré Sjöström directs with immaculate attention to psychological detail, while making perfectly credible the film's transition from low-key, naturalistic comedy of manners to full-blown hysterical melodrama. Filmed under extremely difficult conditions on location in the Mojave desert, its climactic sandstorm sequence has to be seen to be believed, although the entire film - erotic, beautiful, astonishing - demonstrates such imagination and assurance that it remains completely modern." - Geoff Andrew, Time Out
Selected by Paolo Mereghetti, Tata Amaral, Núria Bou, Jesús Piquero, Frank Kessler.
481
458
Some Came Running

Some Came Running


1958 / USA / 136m / Col / Drama, Americana
Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Shirley MacLaine, Martha Hyer, Arthur Kennedy, Nancy Gates, Leora Dana, Betty Lou Keim, Larry Gates, Steven Peck
"Vincente Minnelli turns the James Jones novel into one of his finest and most garish melodramas, with Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, and Shirley MacLaine struggling to stay alive in the hopelessly small town of Madison, Indiana. Minnelli has said that he based his visual style on the inside of a jukebox, and the film is a sort of neon epiphany. The final sequence, set at a carnival, remains an object lesson in the expressive use of CinemaScope." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by Chris Fujiwara, Ignatiy Vishnevetsky, Roberto Manassero, Richard Linklater, Carlo Chatrian.
480
461
Muriel

Muriel

Muriel ou Le temps d'un retour (original title); Muriel, or The Time of Return (alternative title)

1963 / France-Italy / 115m / Col / Drama, Psychological Drama
Delphine Seyrig, Jean-Pierre Kerien, Nita Klein, Jean-Baptiste Thierree, Claude Sainval, Laurence Badie, Jean Champion, Jean Daste, Martine Vatel, Philippe Laudenbach
"Alain Resnais' 1963 film surpasses his better-known Last Year at Marienbad and Hiroshima, mon amour in terms of intricacy of construction and sensitivity to shades of memory and regret. Delphine Seyrig is a widow living in the provinces with her troubled stepson (Thierree), a veteran of the Algerian war who can't escape the memory of a young girl he tortured and killed. When Seyrig's former lover (Kerien) turns up with his new mistress, Seyrig, too, is plunged into an obsession with the past. A subtle, precise, and wrenching film, shot largely without recourse to the stylistic flourishes that made Resnais' reputation." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by James Quandt, Richard Combs, Anja Kirschner, David Panos, Fritz Göttler.
479
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The Wind Will Carry Us

The Wind Will Carry Us

Bad ma ra khahad bord (original title)

1999 / France-Iran / 118m / Col / Drama, Rural Drama
Behzad Dourani, Farzad Sohrabi, Shahpour Ghobadi, Noghre Asadi, Roushan Karam Elmi, Bahman Ghobadi, Reihan Heidari, Masood Mansouri, Ali Reza Naderi, Masoameh Salimi
"The Wind Will Carry Us... is oblique, evocative and visually stunning. Abbas Kiarostami's views of hillsides, valleys and gnarled, solitary trees seem almost otherworldly in their clarity and depth, and his story, about a morose engineer who has come to a remote Kurdish village on an enigmatic mission, is as simple and mysterious as a folk tale. This is one of those rare movies that completely absorb your attention and demand your concentration while you're watching, and that stay in your thoughts, growing richer and more powerful, for a long time afterward." - A.O. Scott, The New York Times
Selected by Scott Foundas, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Geoff Andrew, Rima Mismar, Richard Peña.
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A Separation

A Separation

Jodaeiye Nader az Simin (original title)

2011 / Iran / 123m / Col / Drama, Ensemble Film
Peyman Moadi, Leila Hatami, Sareh Bayat, Shahab Hosseini, Sarina Farhadi, Merila Zare'i, Ali-Asghar Shahbazi, Babak Karimi, Kimia Hosseini, Shirin Yazdanbaksh
"With rare subtlety and transforming art, the remarkable writer-director Asghar Farhadi takes us into the emotional heart of modern Iran. Nader (Moaadi) and Simin (Hatami) are a middle-class couple seeking a divorce. She wants to move abroad with their 11-year-old daughter, Termeh (Sarina Farhadi, the director's child). He wants Termeh to stay… As the tension builds in court, Farhadi reveals his country in microcosm, divided by gender, class, religion and invisible borders of destruction. The actors do wonders, uncovering rich depths in their characters. A Separation is a landmark film. No way will you be able to get it out of your head." - Peter Travers, Rolling Stone
Selected by Michael Haneke, Clare Stewart, Pen-Ek Ratanaruang, Alby James, Keith Shiri.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
477
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Boogie Nights

Boogie Nights


1997 / USA / 155m / Col / Comedy Drama, Ensemble Film
Mark Wahlberg, Burt Reynolds, Julianne Moore, Don Cheadle, Heather Graham, Alfred Molina, Philip Baker Hall, Nicole Ari Parker, Luis Guzman, William H. Macy
"Paul Thomas Anderson's Boogie Nights is an epic of the low road, a classic Hollywood story set in the shadows instead of the spotlights but containing the same ingredients: Fame, envy, greed, talent, sex, money. The movie follows a large, colorful and curiously touching cast of characters as they live through a crucial turning point in the adult film industry… Boogie Nights has the quality of many great films, in that it always seems alive." - Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times
Selected by Edgar Wright, Todd Phillips, Andrew Birkin, Joseph Cedar, Jordan Vogt-Roberts.
476
453
A Night at the Opera

A Night at the Opera


1935 / USA / 92m / BW / Anarchic Comedy, Farce
Groucho Marx, Chico Marx, Harpo Marx, Kitty Carlisle, Allan Jones, Margaret Dumont, Sig Ruman, Walter Woolf King, Edward Keane, Robert Emmett O'Connor
"The Marx Brothers at the turning point, just before their gradual descent into mediocrity at the hands of MGM, who wanted their comedy to be rationed and rationalised. It's a top budget job, opulent and meticulous, with its fair share of vices: this is the first Marx Brothers film where you really feel like strangling the romantic leads. But it has even more virtues: there's no Zeppo, the script's generally great (Kaufman and Ryskind), Dumont's completely great, and the Brothers get to perform some of their most irresistible routines - the stateroom scene and all." - Geoff Brown, Time Out
Selected by Ken Russell, Aaron Katz, Isabelle Stever, Jack Lechner, Daniel Sánchez Arévalo.
475
473
Alexander Nevsky

Alexander Nevsky

Aleksandr Nevskiy (original title)

1938 / USSR / 107m / BW / Historical Epic, Biography
Nikolai Cherkasov, Nikolai Okhlopkov, Andrei Abrikosov, Dmitri Orlov, Vasili Novikov, Nicolai Arsky, Varvara Massalitinova, Vera Ivashova, Aleksandra Danilova, Vladimir Yershov
"Eisenstein drew on history, Russian folk narratives, and the techniques of Walt Disney to create this broadly painted epic of Russian resilience. This story of Teutonic knights vanquished by Prince Alexander Nevsky’s tactical brilliance resonated deeply with a Soviet Union concerned with the rise of Nazi Germany. Widely imitated—most notably by Laurence Olivier’s Battle of Agincourt re-creation for Henry V—the Battle on the Ice scene remains one of the most famous audio-visual experiments in film history, perfectly blending action with the rousing score of Sergei Prokofiev."- The Criterion Collection
Selected by Béla Tarr, Mariano Llinás, Gary Indiana, Martin Tudor Caranfil, Charles Burnett.
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Limite

Limite

Limit (English title)

1931 / Brazil / 114m / BW / Avant-garde/Experimental, Surrealist Film
Olga Breno, Tatiana Rey, Raul Schnoor, Brutus Pedreira, Carmen (1) Santos, Mario Peixoto, Edgar Brasil, Iolanda Bernardes.
"The only film by novelist Mario Peixoto looks like a summation of 1920s silent avant garde techniques that Peixoto absorbed while in Europe, but launches into new dimensions of synthesis that carries the viewer aloft on the feverish velocity of its inspiration. Peixoto practically exhausts the lexicon of silent cinematography with every shot conceivable from the era, but arranges them in a cascading visual pattern of sharp angles, deceptively vast vistas and sumptuous close-ups of worldly surfaces. I can’t think of another film that savors its shots as much as this one, taking each one in long enough that even mundane images ooze with sinister energies." - Kevin B. Lee, Shooting Down Pictures
Selected by Walter Salles, Neville de Almeida, Álvaro Arroba, Cesar Zamberlan, Evaldo Mocarzel.
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503
Steamboat Bill Jr.

Steamboat Bill, Jr.


1928 / USA / 71m / BW / Adventure Comedy, Slapstick
Buster Keaton, Ernest Torrence, Marion Byron, Tom McGuire, Tom Lewis, Joe Keaton
"A marvellous comedy set in a lazy riverside town in the Deep South, with Buster as the foppish, city-educated boy who returns home to prove a grave disappointment to his father… Hilarious, of course, with both delicately observed jokes and energetically athletic stuntwork coursing through the movie. But what really delights is the detailed depiction of small town life, plus Keaton's comic awareness of his own persona; a sequence in which he and his father are buying a hat to replace his wimpy beret is a model of film comedy, played, remarkably, direct to camera." - Geoff Andrew, Time Out
Selected by Sebastián Lelio, Gregg Araki, Pere Portabella, Agnès Devictor, Peter Scarlet.
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Dead Man

Dead Man


1995 / USA-Germany / 121m / BW / Hybrid Western, Psychological Western
Johnny Depp, Gary Farmer, Robert Mitchum, Lance Henriksen, Gabriel Byrne, John Hurt, Alfred Molina, Crispin Glover, Michael Wincott, Mili Avital
"With its black-humored tale of a mild Cleveland accountant (Depp) who travels to the Northwest, shoots a man in self-defense and is forced to become a fugitive outlaw, Dead Man contains thematic echoes of Jarmusch's previous work, particularly Down By Law and Mystery Train. And it's as strong as anything else he's done. Jarmusch's trademark quiet irony, affinity for the outcast and oddball, and moonscape visuals suit the Western genre well. And yes, Jarmusch does exercise his hep-cat credentials, assigning soundtrack-composition duties to Neil Young and featuring Iggy Pop in a dress and bonnet." - Maria Schneider, A.V. Club
Selected by David Jenkins, Jurgis Krasons, Paul Tickell, Isaki Lacuesta, Jill Godmilow.
471
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The Lady from Shanghai

The Lady from Shanghai


1948 / USA / 87m / BW / Film Noir, Romantic Mystery
Orson Welles, Rita Hayworth, Everett Sloane, Glenn Anders, Ted De Corsia, Erskine Sanford, Gus Schilling, Carl Frank, Lou Merrill, Evelyn Ellis
"Don't attempt to follow the plot because Welles simply doesn't care enough to make the narrative seamless. Indeed, the principal pleasure of The Lady from Shanghai is its tongue-in-cheek approach to story-telling… One intriguing reading of the movie is that it's a commentary on Welles' marriage to Hayworth - the impossibility of the 'boy genius' maintaining a relationship with a mature woman - and the scene in the hall of mirrors, where the temptress' face is endlessly reflected back at him, stands as a brilliant expressionist metaphor for sexual unease and its accompanying loss of identity. Complex, courageous, and utterly compelling." - Martyn Auty, Time Out
Selected by Greg Mottola, Martha P. Nochimson, Koichi Yamada, Ignatiy Vishnevetsky, Akira Tochigi.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
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Tootsie

Tootsie


1982 / USA / 116m / Col / Showbiz Comedy, Romantic Comedy
Dustin Hoffman, Jessica Lange, Teri Garr, Dabney Coleman, Charles Durning, Bill Murray, Sydney Pollack, George Gaynes, Geena Davis, Doris Belack
"The studio system collapsed in the '60s, but every now and then, attentive mainstream filmmakers are able to recreate the creative conditions that produced so many seamless prestige pictures during Hollywood's Golden Age. In many ways, the 1982 comedy Tootsie is a product of its time, from its bustling Dave Grusin score to its "boy, those modern women sure have it tough" theme. But it's also a study in craft, put together by a crew of actors, writers, and technicians at the top of their games. It's that rarest of high-toned Hollywood products: a pointed farce that ticks like a clock and rings like a bell." - Noel Murray, A.V. Club
Selected by Kenneth Branagh, Ray Lawrence, Cameron Crowe, J.J. Abrams, Judd Apatow.
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Toy Story

Toy Story


1995 / USA / 80m / Col / Fantasy Comedy, Animation
Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Don Rickles, Jim Varney, Wallace Shawn, John Ratzenberger, Annie Potts, John Morris, Erik von Detten, R. Lee Ermey
"Seeing Toy Story, I felt some of the same exhilaration I felt during Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Both movies take apart the universe of cinematic visuals, and put it back together again, allowing us to see in a new way. Toy Story is not as inventive in its plotting or as clever in its wit as Rabbit or such Disney animated films as Beauty and the Beast… Its best pleasures are for the eyes. But what pleasures they are! Watching the film, I felt I was in at the dawn of a new era of movie animation, which draws on the best of cartoons and reality, creating a world somewhere in between, where space not only bends but snaps, crackles and pops." - Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times
Selected by Brad Bird, Tim J. Smith, Paul Wells, Lisa Mullen, Jane Lamacraft.
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Oldboy

Oldboy

Oldeuboi (original title)

2003 / South Korea / 120m / Col / Thriller, Psychological Drama
Min-Sik Choi, Ji-tae Yu, Hye-jeong Kang, Byeong-ok Kim, Dae-han Ji, Dal-su Oh, Seung-Shin Lee, Jin-seo Yun, Tae-kyung Oh, Yeon-suk Ahn
"If revenge is a dish best served cold, then Park Chan-wook's deliriously unhinged Oldboy is an unthawed Hungry Man TV dinner… Park marries the vibrant style of the Hong Kong action scene to the disturbing psychosexual currents running through many new films from his native country. The result is a powerfully visceral experience that justifies itself almost entirely on surface chops, with striking color composition and a complex sound design that elevates the story to an operatic scale." - Scott Tobias, A.V. Club
Selected by Cameron Crowe, Eli Roth, Lizelle Bisschoff, Simon Rumley, Youngmee Hwang.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
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The Flowers of St. Francis

The Flowers of St. Francis

Francesco, giullare di Dio (original title); Francis, God's Jester (alternative title)

1950 / Italy / 83m / BW / Religious Drama, Biography
Aldo Fabrizi, Brother Nazario Gerardi, Arabella Lemaitre, Gianfranco Bellini, Pino Locchi, Peparuolo, Fra' Severino Pisacane, Roberto Sorrentino
"In a series of simple and joyous vignettes, director Roberto Rossellini and co-writer Federico Fellini lovingly convey the universal teachings of the People’s Saint: humility, compassion, faith, and sacrifice. Gorgeously photographed to evoke the medieval paintings of Saint Francis’s time, and cast with monks from the Nocera Inferiore Monastery, The Flowers of St. Francis is a timeless and moving portrait of the search for spiritual enlightenment." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Ramin Bahrani, Manohla Dargis, Dan Callahan, Raya Martin, Matías Piñeiro.
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493
The Lives of Others

The Lives of Others

Das Leben der Anderen (original title)

2006 / Germany / 138m / Col / Political Thriller, Period Film
Martina Gedeck, Ulrich Muhe, Sebastian Koch, Ulrich Tukur, Thomas Thieme, Hans-Uwe Bauer, Volkmar Kleinert, Matthias Brenner, Charly Hubner, Herbert Knaup
"In his feature debut as director and screenwriter, von Donnersmarck burrows into the erotic, engrossing and thoroughly nasty business of spying. The place is East Berlin, in 1984, the Wall is still up, glasnost is far off and the Stasi (secret police) don't believe in privacy… The director weaves a complex political thriller that touches an emotional chord. All the performances are top-tier — Sebastian Koch is a star in the making — but it's Ulrich Muhe who leaves the deepest impression… von Donnersmarck has crafted the best kind of movie: one you can't get out of your head." - Peter Travers, Rolling Stone
Selected by Lizelle Bisschoff, Minky Schlesinger, Tibor Bíró, Colin Trevorrow, Josh Radnor.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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Halloween

Halloween


1978 / USA / 93m / Col / Horror, Slasher Film
Donald Pleasence, Jamie Lee Curtis, Nancy Loomis, P.J. Soles, Charles Cyphers, Kyle Richards, Brian Andrews, John Michael Graham, Nancy Stephens, Arthur Malet
"It's more clear than ever that John Carpenter's Halloween is a remarkable film that towers over the endless clones that followed it. In fact—and this doesn't really detract from Scream's cleverness—watching Halloween again makes it apparent just how saddled with poor self-parody so many of its slasher follow-ups were… Carpenter's story of childhood killer Michael Myers' return to the town in which he has become a symbol of all that is dark relies more on suspense and suggestion than cheap shocks and gore, which in itself makes it a better film than its successors… Ignore the Prom Nights and the Friday The Thirteenths; Halloween cuts deepest." - Keith Phipps, A.V. Club
Selected by Edgar Wright, John Singleton, Dane Cook, Benjamin Spacek, Nathan Tyler.
IMDB / No votes in the 2012 Sight & Sound Poll
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12 Angry Men

12 Angry Men

Twelve Angry Men (alternative spelling)

1957 / USA / 95m / BW / Drama, Courtroom Drama
Henry Fonda, Lee J. Cobb, Ed Begley, E.G. Marshall, Jack Warden, Jack Klugman, Martin Balsam, John Fiedler, George Voskovec, Robert Webber
"12 Angry Men, by Sidney Lumet, may be the most radical courtroom drama in cinema history. A behind-closed-doors look at the American legal system that is as riveting as it is spare, this iconic adaptation of Reginald Rose’s teleplay stars Henry Fonda as the dissenting member on a jury of white men ready to pass judgment on a Puerto Rican teenager charged with murdering his father. The result is a saga of epic proportions that plays out over a tense afternoon in one sweltering room. Lumet’s electrifying snapshot of 1950s America on the verge of change is one of the great feature film debuts." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Tata Amaral, David Leland, Richard Sowada, Akin Omotoso, Antonia Bird.
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440
Pyaasa

Pyaasa


1957 / India / 146m / BW / Drama, Romance
Guru Dutt, Mala Sinha, Waheeda Rehman, Rehman, Johnny Walker, Kumkum, Leela Mishra, Shyam, Mehmood, Radheshyam
"Among the pantheon of great early Bollywood directors is the wonderful Guru Dutt, whose 1957 film Pyaasa marks a high point in pre-sixties era Hindi filmmaking… Pyaasa bridges the very best of the great classical era with the developing populism and themes which would define the more formulaic Bollywood films. In some ways, Dutt's film is as expressive and poetic as Ray's Aparajito (1957) or Parash Pathar (1958), and represents a sophisticated blend of music into the film's narrative (sung poems by the tortured protagonist) which today strike the viewer as inspired… This is a richly rewarding forgotten work from a director who died too young." - Richard Steiner, TCM
Selected by Nasreen Munni Kabir, Rachel Dwyer, Richard Corliss, Anurag Kashyap, Jos Oliver.
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490
Accattone

Accattone

Accatone (alternative spelling)

1961 / Italy / 120m / BW / Urban Drama, Psychological Drama
Franco Citti, Franca Pasut, Roberto Scaringella, Silvana Corsini, Paola Guidi, Adriana Asti, Adele Cambria, Luciano Conti, Luciano Gonini, Renato Capogna
"Treating a social milieu Pasolini knew at first hand, his first film as a director was misunderstood by many critics when it was first released as a return to the canons of Italian neo-realism of the '40s and '50s. In fact, its editing style, use of close-ups, dialogue in the Romanesco vernacular - not to mention the Bach score - all betray an originality much more of a piece with Pasolini's later work than with neo-realism. And the character of Accattone himself, self-destructive and conscious of his situation within a class from which he cannot escape, embodies many of the contradictions in Pasolini's lifetime of coming to terms with Marxism and Catholicism." - Rod McShane, Time Out
Selected by Wang Bing, Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Ryan Gilbey, Philippe Parreno, Alberto Pezzotta.
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A Taste of Cherry

Taste of Cherry

Ta'm e guilass (original title)

1997 / Iran / 99m / Col / Drama, Road Movie
Homayon Ershadi, Abdolrahman Bagheri, Afshin Khorshid Bakhtiari, Safar Ali Moradi, Mir Hossein Noori, Ahmad Ansari, Hamid Masoumi, Elham Emami, Ajmad Jahangiri, Nasrolah Amini
"There are plenty of miserablist films about suicide. Why does this one have such power? It is partly because Badii (Ershadi) never invites sympathy or compassion in any conventional way: watching Taste of Cherry I feel gripped; I feel scared, but I don't feel sad – or not exactly. And it is partly because of the implications of what he has in mind... The film has a remarkable austerity and starkness; watching it is like being waylaid by the Ancient Mariner, who grips you with a strange and terrible message in his tale. It is Kiarostami's greatest film." - Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian
Selected by Thomas Elsaesser, Darrell Roodt, Han Jie, Julie Rigg, Jytte Jensen.
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Elephant

Elephant


2003 / USA / 81m / Col / Drama, Ensemble Film
Alex Frost, Eric Deulen, John Robinson, Elias McConnell, Jordan Taylor, Carrie Finklea, Nicole George, Timothy Bottoms, Matt Malloy, Larry Laverty
"Elephant is a poetic disaster film that audaciously addresses the subject of American high school shootings. It was inspired by the 1999 Columbine massacre but incorporates details from other incidents, treating the material with a combination of bold aestheticism and documentary whimsy. Expertly shot by Harris Savides in the boxy 1.33:1 standard TV aspect ratio, the spectacle is designed for maximum glide—a film of long traveling shots over complex sound bridges. Less staged than unfurled, the narrative is essentially anecdotal. Characters are introduced as they hobnob in their school's cafeteria or pass through its sterile corridors." - J. Hoberman, The Village Voice
Selected by Cui Zi'en, Emily Richardson, Janez Burger, Stig Bjorkman, Wang Xiaoshuai.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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Dersu Uzala

Dersu Uzala


1975 / USSR-Japan / 144m / Col / Drama, Adventure Drama
Maksim Munzuk, Yuri Solomin, Mikhail Bychkov, Suimenkul Chokmorov, Svetlana Danilchenko, Dmitri Korshikov, Vladimir Kremena, Aleksandr Pyatkov, B. Khorulev, Sovetbek Dzhumadylov
"Given the expanse of the Siberian wilderness as his cinematic canvas, Akira Kurosawa responds with the visually hypnotic, deeply affecting portrait of nature, friendship, and survival in Dersu Uzala… Kurosawa transcends the confines of traditional cinema with the startling imagery and camerawork of Dersu Uzala… To define Dersu Uzala as a story about an aboriginal tribesman is to describe humanity through a two-dimensional photograph. Dersu Uzala is an allegory for the environmental toll of civilization, a testament to a profound, enduring friendship, and a heartbreaking portrait of aging and obsolescence." - Acquarello, Strictly Film School
Selected by Jia Zhangke, Rolf De Heer, Karl Markovics, Masoud Amralla Al Ali, Mingchuam Huang.
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Withnail & I

Withnail & I


1987 / UK / 107m / Col / Comedy, Buddy Film
Richard E. Grant, Paul McGann, Richard Griffiths, Ralph Brown, Michael Elphick, Daragh O'Malley, Michael Wardle, Una Brandon-Jones, Noel Johnson, Irene Sutcliffe
"London. The 1960s. Two unemployed actors—acerbic, elegantly wasted Withnail (RGrant) and the anxiety-ridden “I” (McGann)—drown their frustrations in booze, pills, and lighter fluid. When Withnail’s Uncle Monty (Griffiths) offers his cottage, they escape the squalor of their flat for a week in the country. They soon realize they’ve gone on holiday by mistake when their wits—and friendship—are sorely tested by violent downpours, less than hospitable locals, and empty cupboards. An intelligent, superbly acted, and hilarious film." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Steven Galvin, Justin Kurzel, Andrew Birkin, Sacha Gervasi, Rachel Perkins.
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Pinocchio

Pinocchio


1940 / USA / 88m / Col / Children's Fantasy, Animated Musical
Dickie Jones, Christian Rub, Cliff Edwards, Mel Blanc, Don Brodie, Walter Catlett, Marion Darlington, Frankie Darro, Charles Judels, Evelyn Venable
"Pinocchio is a parable for children, and generations have grown up remembering the words "Let your conscience be your guide" and "A lie keeps growing and growing until it's as plain as the nose on your face." The power of the film is generated, I think, because it is really about something. It isn't just a concocted fable or a silly fairy tale, but a narrative with deep archetypal reverberations… Later Disney films would have comparable skill, but not the excitement of discovery. Is it possible to sense, through thousands of individual drawings by dozens of different artists, a collective creative epiphany? I think so." - Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times
Selected by Eduardo Coutinho, Jaime Chávarri, Arturo Ripstein, Joe Dante, Gary Thomas.
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Fantasia

Fantasia


1940 / USA / 120m / Col / Animated Musical, Children's Fantasy
Deems Taylor, Leopold Stokowski, The Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, Walt Disney, Julietta Novis, James MacDonald, Paul J. Smith
"While it may not have been popular in its day, Fantasia has endured, transporting generations of pen and ink patrons into an unheard of realm of imagination and invention. From the abstractions of Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D Minor to the ostrich/hippo/alligator ballet dancers of Ponchielli’s Dance of the Hours, Disney’s flare for illustrative finery mixed with conductor Leopold Stokowski’s sumptuous soundscapes is a true masterpiece… It’s a work that actually stretches beyond the limits of description to become something unique and timeless.” - Bill Gibron, PopMatters
Selected by Ken Russell, Marco Dutra, Nicolas Barbano, Nicoletta Romeo, Fritz Göttler.
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Repulsion

Repulsion


1965 / UK / 105m / BW / Thriller, Psychological Thriller
Catherine Deneuve, Yvonne Furneaux, John Fraser, Ian Hendry, Patrick Wymark, Valerie Taylor, Helen Fraser, Renee Houston, James Villiers, Hugh Futcher
"Roman Polanski followed up his international breakthrough Knife in the Water with this controversial, chilling tale of psychosis. Catherine Deneuve is Carol, a fragile, frigid young beauty cracking up in her London flat when left alone by her vacationing sister. She is soon haunted by specters real and imagined, and her insanity grows to a violent, hysterical pitch. Thanks to its disturbing detail and Polanski’s adeptness at turning claustrophobic space into an emotional minefield, Repulsion is a surreal, mind-bending odyssey into personal horror, and it remains one of cinema’s most shocking psychological thrillers." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Glenn Kenny, Bruce Robinson, Billy Chainsaw, Donald Clarke, Mar Diestro-Dopido.
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flowersofshanghai

Flowers of Shanghai

Hai shang hua (original title)

1998 / Taiwan / 130m / Col / Romantic Drama, Period Film
Shuan Fang, Michiko Hada, Annie Shizuka Inoh, Jack Kao, Carina Lau, Tony Leung, Rebecca Pan, Michele Reis, Vicky Wei
"The world of Flowers of Shanghai, Hou Hsiao-hsien's rapturously claustrophobic, hypnotic, and soporific new movie, might be hell; there is no outside, no night or day, and the people are all witty, well-dressed, and awful. It's like 120 Days of Sodom without the sodomy, a Merchant Ivory film as conceived by Samuel Beckett… With Shanghai, his first genuine period picture, Hou has refined realism into the ultimate artifice, has demonstrated that the elusive bloom of love that persists in all his bleak melodramas is inevitably crushed by our elaborate means of possessing it." - Peter Keough, Boston Phoenix
Selected by John Powers, Manohla Dargis, Bertrand Bonello, Ruy Gardnier, Florence Almozini.
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To Have and Have Not

To Have and Have Not


1944 / USA / 100m / BW / Drama, Romance
Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Walter Brennan, Dolores Moran, Hoagy Carmichael, Dan Seymour, Marcel Dalio, Walter Molnar, Sheldon Leonard, Walter Sande
"An unassuming masterpiece, nominally based on Hemingway's novel and set in Martinique during World War II, this is Hawks' toughest statement of the necessity of accepting responsibility for others or forfeiting one's self-respect - the sum total of morality for Hawks - and the perfect bridge from the free and open world of Only Angels Have Wings to the claustrophobic one of Rio Bravo… Bogie and Bacall fell in love while making the film, and their scenes reflect this, giving To Have and Have Not a degree of emotional presence that is unusual in the 'bite on the bullet' world of Hawks." - Phil Hardy, Time Out
Selected by Kim Newman, Todd McCarthy, Peter Bogdanovich, Péter Muszatics, Tobias Kniebe.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
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Koyaanisqatsi

Koyaanisqatsi


1982 / USA / 87m / Col / Essay Film, Documentary
"An unconventional work in every way, Godfrey Reggio’s Koyaanisqatsi was nevertheless a sensation when it was released in 1983. This first work of The Qatsi Trilogy wordlessly surveys the rapidly changing environments of the Northern Hemisphere, in an astonishing collage created by the director, cinematographer Ron Fricke, and composer Philip Glass. It shuttles viewers from one jaw-dropping vision to the next, moving from images of untouched nature to others depicting human beings’ increasing dependence on technology Koyaanisqatsi’s heterodox methods (including hypnotic time-lapse photography) make it a look at our world from a truly unique angle." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Andrey Zvyagintsev, Gary Tarn, Laurie Anderson, Michael Dudok de Wit, Anton Bitel.
451
438
Masculin Feminin

Masculin Feminin

Masculin féminin: 15 faits précis (original title)

1966 / France-Sweden / 103m / BW / Urban Drama, Ensemble Film
Jean-Pierre Leaud, Chantal Goya, Catherine-Isabelle Duport, Marlene Jobert, Michel Debord, Eva-Britt Strandberg, Birger Malmsten, Francoise Hardy, Elas Leroy, Brigitte Bardot
"With Masculin féminin, ruthless stylist and iconoclast Jean-Luc Godard introduces the world to “the children of Marx and Coca-Cola,” through a gang of restless youths engaged in hopeless love affairs with music, revolution, and each other. French new wave icon Jean-Pierre Leaud stars as Paul, an idealistic would-be intellectual struggling to forge a relationship with the adorable pop star Madeleine (real-life yé-yé girl Chantal Goya). Through their tempestuous affair, Godard fashions a candid and wildly funny free-form examination of youth culture in throbbing 1960s Paris, mixing satire and tragedy as only Godard can." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Gregg Araki, John Powers, Manohla Dargis, Paul Schrader, Mehmet Açar.
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The Scarlet Empress

The Scarlet Empress


1934 / USA / 110m / BW / Historical Film, Period Film
Marlene Dietrich, John Lodge, Louise Dresser, Sam Jaffe, C. Aubrey Smith, Gavin Gordon, Maria Sieber, Ruthelma Stevens, Olive Tell, Jameson Thomas
"Filmmaker-svengali Josef von Sternberg escalates his obsession with screen legend Marlene Dietrich in this lavish depiction of sex and deceit in the eighteenth-century Russian court. A self-proclaimed “relentless excursion into style,” the pair’s sixth collaboration follows the exploits of Princess Sophia (Dietrich) as she evolves from trembling innocent to cunning sexual libertine Catherine the Great. With operatic melodrama, flamboyant visuals, and a cast of thousands, this ornate spectacle represents the apex of cinematic pageantry by Hollywood’s master of artifice" - The Criterion Collection
Selected by James Gray, Tony Rayns, Barry Salt, Sara Driver, Jean-Louis Leutrat.
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The Sorrow and the Pity

The Sorrow and the Pity

Le Chagrin et la pitié (original title)

1969 / France-Switzerland-Germany / 260m / BW / Military & War, Documentary
Georges Bidault, Matthaus Bleibinger, Charles Braun, Maurice Buckmaster, Emile Coulaudon, Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie, Rene de Chambrun, Christian de la Maziere, Jacques Duclos, R. Du Jonchay
"The Nazi occupation of France lasted more than four years. Marcel Ophuls' landmark 1969 documentary boils it down to a more manageable 265 minutes - which still amounts to an awful lot of sorrow and a veritable ocean of pity. Strange to note, then, that the film is so boldly conceived, richly textured and beautifully paced that its marathon running time feels more like a sprint… Employing a seamless blend of contemporary interviews, newsreel footage and propaganda films, it paints an engrossing portrait of a cowed and compromised nation, presided over by the Blimpish Marshal Pétain and serenaded by the honeyed tones of Maurice Chevalier." - Xan Brooks, The Guardian
Selected by Jorge García, Laura Waddington, Karen Cooper, Kristy Matheson, Margaret Deriaz.
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Early Summer

Early Summer

Bakushû (original title)

1951 / Japan / 135m / BW / Drama, Family Drama
Setsuko Hara, Chishu Ryu, Chikage Awashima, Kuniko Miyake, Ichiro Sugai, Chieko Higashiyama, Haruko Sugimura, Kuniko Ikawa, Kan Nihonyanagi, Shuji Sano
"Yasujiro Ozu's signature low angle camera strikes a delicate, harmonious balance in Early Summer, and echoes the dichotomy of contemporary Japan: tradition versus modernization, selfishness versus altruism, respect for elders versus independence. Compassionate and characteristically reserved, Ozu chronicles the disintegration of the traditional extended family as an accepted process of life, and the film evolves with a sense of appropriate inevitability. The contrast between the elders, usually contemplative and at leisure, and the younger generations - the overworked Koichi and the impatient children (with literal one track minds) - reflect the various stages of life." - Acquarello, Strictly Film School
Selected by Isao Takahata, Hong Sang-soo, Ira Sachs, Albert Serra, David Sterritt.
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Lost in Translation

Lost in Translation


2003 / USA-Japan / 102m / Col / Comedy, Drama
Bill Murray, Scarlett Johansson, Giovanni Ribisi, Akiko Takeshita, Kazuyoshi Minamimagoe, Kazuko Shibata, Take, Catherine Lambert, Anna Faris, Fumihiro Hayashi
"In her impressive second feature, Sofia Coppola—who wrote as well as directed—gives Murray room to stretch and is rewarded with some remarkably melancholy clowning… Lost in Translation is as bittersweet a brief encounter as any in American movies since Richard Linklater's equally romantic Before Sunrise. But Lost in Translation is the more poignant reverie. Coppola evokes the emotional intensity of a one-night stand far from home—but what she really gets is the magic of movies." - J. Hoberman, The Village Voice
Selected by Zach Braff, Richard Curtis, Iram Haq, Max Covill, Murat Özer.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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The Terminator

The Terminator


1984 / USA / 108m / Col / Science Fiction, Action
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Michael Biehn, Linda Hamilton, Paul Winfield, Lance Henriksen, Rick Rossovich, Bess Motta, Earl Boen, Dick Miller, Shawn Schepps
"Is it only incidental that James Cameron's greatest film is also his only work to clock in at under two hours? His subsequent films have proven consistently entertaining and frequently excellent, but the lightning of his debut—a content-to-be-small B movie that nevertheless feels epic in scope and emotion—has yet to strike twice. The Terminator remains as intelligent and emotionally complex as any film of its kind (among sci-fi action noir, only Blade Runner is superior), and the reductive lens of pop culture—to say nothing of intellectual film snobs ignorant to genre pleasures—can't extinguish its mythic humanist power." - Rob Humanick, Slant Magazine
Selected by Kathryn Bigelow, Ben Wheatley, Adam Wingard, Ferenc Zalaba, Gareth Edwards.
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433
The Tree of Wooden Clogs

The Tree of Wooden Clogs

L'Albero degli zoccoli (original title)

1978 / Italy / 185m / Col / Rural Drama, Family Drama
Luigi Ornaghi, Francesca Moriggi, Omar Brignoli, Antonio Ferrari, Teresa Brescianini, Giuseppe Brignoli, Carlo Rota, Pasqualina Brolis, Massimo Fratus, Francesco Villa
"The Tree of Wooden Clogs was taken from stories Olmi's grandmother told him. Using peasants from the area as actors, it was made with direct sound (very unusual in Italy)… Its strength lies not just in its ravishing depiction of the changing seasons in a stunning part of Lombardy nor in its human sympathies, which are never patronising to the ordinary people he finds so unordinary, but in its measured, cumulative approach to the hard life of those close to penury and exploited by the powerful. For instance, the tree of the title is cut down by a father to make a pair of clogs for his son to reach school. For which he pays a terrible price." - Derek Malcolm, The Guardian
Selected by Mike Leigh, Charles Burnett, Ken Loach, Zdena Škapová, M.F. Thomas.
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435
The Gleaners & I

The Gleaners & I

Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse (original title)

2000 / France / 82m / Col / Culture & Society, Documentary
Bodan Litnanski, Peter Rnic, Agnes Varda, Francois Wertheimer
"The French title of this delightful, encouraging documentary underlines how Agnès Varda identifies with her subjects - social marginals who 'glean' a living, from the earth (caravan dwellers) or from refuse (the teacher of Malian and Senegalese immigrants whom she befriends at a Paris street market). The veteran film-maker is newly inspired and energised by the freedom her DV camera brings. The film is marked by youthful freshness, and the integrity and sympathy of both the images and the commentary, as Varda hurtles us to Arras, Beaune or Paris in search of the new generation of foragers." - Wally Hammond, Time Out
Selected by Sukhdev Sandhu, Charles Musser, Marina Warner, Sophie Mayer, Eleanor Burke & Ron Eyal.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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407
Chelsea Girls

Chelsea Girls


1966 / USA / 210m / Col-BW / Avant-garde-Experimental, Trash Film
Brigid Berlin, Randy Borscheidt, Ari Boulogne, Angelina 'Pepper' Davis, Dorothy Dean, Eric Emerson, Patrick Flemming, Ed Hood, Arthur Loeb, Donald Lyons
"The most celebrated Andy Warhol feature, and for many the best, is made up of a dozen 33-minute reels that are projected two at a time, side by side… The people shown include such Warhol “superstars” as Nico, Ondine, Gerard Malanga, Marie Menken, Mary Woronov, Ingrid Superstar, Brigid Polk, and International Velvet… They engage in a number of activities and dialogues for 210 minutes, and the results are often spellbinding; the juxtaposition of two film images at once gives the spectator an unusual amount of freedom in what to concentrate on and what to make of these variously whacked-out performers." - Jonathan Rosenbaum, Chicago Reader
Selected by Berenice Reynaud, Ed Halter, Bruce Jenkins, Jacob Perlin, Jed Rapfogel.
442
418
Hour of the Wolf

Hour of the Wolf

Vargtimmen (original title)

1968 / Sweden / 88m / BW / Gothic Film, Psychological Drama
Max von Sydow, Liv Ullmann, Erland Josephson, Gertrud Fridh, Georg Rydeberg, Naima Wifstrand, Ulf Johansson, Gudrun Brost, Bertil Anderberg, Ingrid Thulin
"A brilliant Gothic fantasy about an artist who has disappeared, leaving only a diary; and through that diary we move into flashback to observe a classic case history of the Bergman hero haunted by darkness, demons and the creatures of his imagination until he is destroyed by them. The tentacular growth of this obsession is handled with typical virtuosity in a dazzling flow of surrealism, expressionism and full-blooded Gothic horror… In its exploration of the nature of creativity, haunted by the problem of whether the artist possesses or is possessed by his demons, Hour of the Wolf serves as a remarkable companion-piece to Persona." - Tom Milne, Time Out
Selected by Abel Ferrara, Joseph Cedar, Nigel Andrews, Anocha Suwichakornpong, David Lynch.
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The Hour of the Furnaces

The Hour of the Furnaces

Hora de los hornos: Notas y testimonios sobre el neocolonialismo, la violencia y la liberación, La (original title)

1968 / Argentina / 260m / BW / Politics & Government, Documentary
Maria de la Paz, Fernando E. Solanas, Edgardo Suarez
"This brilliant documentary launched the Third Cinema movement and put Latin American cinema on the international map. It combines new and old film footage to explain the history of Argentina and the wave of revolutionary fervor that swept many countries in Latin America. From the Spanish invaders to modern military concerns financed by foreign powers, this feature examines racism, social upheaval, native massacres and the precarious political situations that could change in the wake of revolutionary rebellion." - Dav Pavlides, All Movie
Selected by Patricio Guzmán, Thom Andersen, Peter Rist, Elizabeth Wood, Helen Dewitt.
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Senso

Senso

The Wanton Countess (USA title)

1954 / Italy / 115m / Col / Melodrama, Romantic Drama
Alida Valli, Farley Granger, Massimo Girotti, Heinz Moog, Rina Morelli, Marcella Mariani, Christian Marquand, Tonio Selwart, Sergio Fantoni, Cristoforo De Hartungen
"This lush, Technicolor tragic romance from Luchino Visconti stars Alida Valli as a nineteenth-century Italian countess who, during the Austrian occupation of her country, puts her marriage and political principles on the line by engaging in a torrid affair with a dashing Austrian lieutenant, played by Farley Granger. Gilded with ornate costumes and sets and a rich classical soundtrack, and featuring fearless performances, this operatic melodrama is an extraordinary evocation of reckless emotions and deranged lust, from one of the cinema’s great sensualists." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Nenad Polimac, Richard Dyer, Franco Zeffirelli, Pedro Almodóvar, Yannis Bakogiannopoulos.
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The Sound of Music

The Sound of Music


1965 / USA / 174m / Col / Musical, Drama
Julie Andrews, Christopher Plummer, Eleanor Parker, Richard Haydn, Peggy Wood, Charmian Carr, Heather Menzies, Nicholas Hammond, Duane Chase, Angela Cartwright
"It's hard to tune into The Sound of Music these days without being deafened by the noises off; that caterwauling chorus of adoration, ridicule, reverence and contempt that has dogged the film since its release back in 1965. But check your cynicism at the door: Robert Wise's adaptation of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical still has a little soul in its bones, with its reactionary nature tempered by Ernest Lehman's supple screenplay, and its elephantine running-time eased by a set of songs that lodge in your system like hookworms." - Xan Brooks, The Guardian
Selected by Adam McKay, Peter Whitehead, Jane Giles, Ole Bornedal, Slavoj Zizek.
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Talk to Her

Talk to Her

Hable con ella (original title)

2002 / Spain / 112m / Col / Melodrama, Romantic Drama
Javier Camara, Dario Grandinetti, Leonor Watling, Rosario Flores, Mariola Fuentes, Geraldine Chaplin, Pina Bausch, Malou Airaudo, Roberto Alvarez, Elena Anaya
"Like all great doomed affairs, Talk to Her is full of lovely, sweet suffering. And when it's over, the realization of how much the movie means to you really sinks in; you can't get it out of your heart. Pedro Almodóvar has created a tragic comedy about need, its liberating and shackling powers. Movies haven't been so rapturous about characters plummeting to an awful end at least since the last Almodóvar film, All About My Mother (1999). But he doesn't mine the comic strip soap opera mystique so extravagantly here; everything falls into place with an almost surreal delicacy." - Elvis Mitchell, The New York Times
Selected by Paul Julian Smith, Youngmee Hwang, Dave Calhoun, Rob White, Shyamaprasad.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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413
The Dead

The Dead


1987 / USA / 83m / Col / Drama, Period Film
Anjelica Huston, Donal McCann, Helena Carroll, Dan O'Herlihy, Donal Donnelly, Cathleen Delany, Ingrid Craigie, Rachael Dowling, Marie Kean, Frank Patterson
"What looked unimaginative then now appears bold, almost experimental: The Dead sometimes looks a little like an old-style live television broadcast of a stage-play on a single set, but this unitary effect has rigour, clarity and life. Huston holds his nerve and just follows, with eagle-eyed attention to detail, the inconsequential chatter and the to-ings and fro-ings of the dinner-jacketed folk, giving no hint of the final revelation… Fine performances from everyone, and a self-effacing, enigmatic star turn from Anjelica Huston herself." - Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian
Selected by Luke Gibbons, Ricardo Bedoya, Stanislav Zelvensky, Carlos F. Heredero, Mario Monicelli.
436
396
Fight Club

Fight Club


1999 / USA-Germany / 139m / Col / Satire, Psychological Drama
Brad Pitt, Edward Norton, Helena Bonham Carter, Meat Loaf, Jared Leto, Zach Grenier, Eion Bailey, Ezra Buzzington, Richmond Arquette, Joel Bissonnette
"The sardonic, testosterone-fueled science fiction of Fight Club touches a raw nerve. In a film as strange and single-mindedly conceived as Eyes Wide Shut, Fincher's angry, diffidently witty ideas about contemporary manhood unfold. As based on a novel by Chuck Palahniuk (and deftly written by Jim Uhls), it builds a huge, phantasmagorical structure around the search for lost masculine authority, and attempts to psychoanalyze an entire society in the process… This film twists and turns in ways that only add up fully on the way out of the theater and might just require another viewing." - Janet Maslin, The New York Times
Selected by Alejandro Amenábar, Dana Linssen, Pawel Pawlikowski, José Padilha, Duncan Jones.
435
408
The Awful Truth

The Awful Truth


1937 / USA / 92m / BW / Romantic Comedy, Screwball Comedy
Cary Grant, Irene Dunne, Ralph Bellamy, Alex D'Arcy, Cecil Cunningham, Molly Lamont, Esther Dale, Joyce Compton, Robert Allen, Robert Warwick
"Leo McCarey's largely improvised 1937 film is one of the funniest of the screwball comedies, and also one of the most serious at heart. Cary Grant and Irene Dunne are a pair of world-weary socialites who decide to drop the pretense of their wide-open marriage, but fate and Ralph Bellamy draw them together again. The awful truth is that they need each other, and McCarey, with his profound faith in monogamy, leads them gradually and hilariously to that crucial discovery. The issues deepen in a subtle, natural way: the film begins as a trifle and ends as something beautiful and affirmative. A classic." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by Peter Bogdanovich, Molly Haskell, Whit Stillman, Jean-Philippe Tessé, Philippa Hawker.
434
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Le Plaisir

Le Plaisir

House of Pleasure (English title)

1952 / France / 97m / BW / Romance, Drama
Claude Dauphin, Gaby Morlay, Madeleine Renaud, Jean Servais, Daniel Gelin, Simone Simon, Danielle Darrieux, Ginette Leclerc, Jean Gabin, Pierre Brasseur
"Ophüls' second French film following his return from the USA was adapted from three stories by Maupassant… Although Ophüls had to drop a fourth story intended to contrast pleasure and death, these three on old age, purity and marriage are shot with a supreme elegance and sympathy, and the central tale in particular luxuriates in the Normandy countryside. The whole is summed up by the concluding line, that 'happiness is no lark'." - David Thompson, Time Out
Selected by V.F. Perkins, Alexander Jacoby, David Hare, Anja Kirschner, Fernando F. Croce.
433
431
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives

Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives

Loong Boonmee raleuk chat (original title)

2010 / Thailand-UK-France-Germany-Spain-Netherlands / 113m / Col / Avant-garde-Experimental, Fantasy Drama
Thanapat Saisaymar, Jenjira Pongpas, Sakda Kaewbuadee, Natthakam Aphaiwonk, Geerasak Kulhong, Kanokporn Tongaram, Matthieu Ly, Vien Pimdee
"Apichatpong Weerasethakul's Thai movie has a cumbersome title, but it is a gloriously worthy winner of the Palme d'Or... This is a visionary film in the director's characteristic style: mysterious, dreamlike, gentle, quiet, magical. It has elements that are at first glance absurd, and at second or third glance, too, come to that. But they are beguiling and beautiful as well: the extended, wordless opening sequence in which a water buffalo appears to break free from its rope and roam the plains and forests of north-east Thailand at dusk is superbly filmed." - Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian
Selected by Nigel Andrews, Valeska Grisebach, Jean-Michel Frodon, Cui Zi'en, Gonçalo Tocha.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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The Cranes Are Flying

The Cranes Are Flying

Letyat zhuravli (original title)

1957 / USSR / 94m / BW / Melodrama, Romantic Drama
Tatyana Samojlova, Aleksei Batalov, Vasili Merkuryev, Aleksandr Shvorin, Svetlana Kharitonova, Konstantin Nikitin, Valentin Zubkov, Antonina Bogdanova, Boris Kovovkin, Yekaterina Kupriyanova
"Veronica and Boris are blissfully in love, until the eruption of World War II tears them apart. Boris is sent to the front lines…and then communication stops. Meanwhile, Veronica tries to ward off spiritual numbness while Boris’s draft-dodging cousin makes increasingly forceful overtures. Winner of the Palme d’Or at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival, The Cranes Are Flying is a superbly crafted drama, bolstered by stunning cinematography and impassioned performances." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Gerald Peary, Roger Michell, Xavier Dolan, Gleb Panfilov, Nikita Mikhalkov.
431
414
Dead Ringers

Dead Ringers


1988 / Canada / 115m / Col / Drama, Psychological Thriller
Jeremy Irons, Genevieve Bujold, Heidi von Palleske, Jonathan Haley, Nicholas Haley, Barbara Gordon, Shirley Douglas, Stephen Lack, Nick Nichols, Lynne Cormack
"In Dead Ringers, David Cronenberg tells the chilling story of identical twin gynecologists—suave Elliot and sensitive Beverly, bipolar sides of one personality—who share the same practice, the same apartment, the same women. When a new patient, glamorous actress Claire Niveau, challenges their eerie bond, they descend into a whirlpool of sexual confusion, drugs, and madness. Jeremy Irons’ s tour-de-force performance—as both twins—raises disturbing questions about the nature of personal identity." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Ant Timpson, David O. Mahony, Diego Lerer, Philippa Hawker, Stephen Thrower.
430
410
French Cancan

French Cancan


1955 / France / 93m / Col / Comedy Drama, Musical Comedy
Jean Gabin, Francoise Arnoul, Maria Felix, Anna Amendola, Dora Doll, Giani Esposito, Philippe Clay, Michel Piccoli, Edith Piaf, Patachou
"Nineteenth-century Paris comes vibrantly alive in Jean Renoir’s exhilarating tale of the opening of the world-renowned Moulin Rouge. Jean Gabin plays the wily impresario Danglard, who makes the cancan all the rage while juggling the love of two beautiful women—an Egyptian belly-dancer and a naive working girl turned cancan star. This celebration of life, art and the City of Light (with a cameo by Edith Piaf) is a Technicolor tour de force by a master of modern cinema." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Peter Bogdanovich, Tag Gallagher, Carlos Diegues, Ain-Ling Wong, Daniel Kasman.
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The Death of Mr. Lazarescu

The Death of Mr. Lazarescu

Moartea domnului Lazarescu (original title)

2005 / Romania / 154m / Col / Drama, Medical Drama
Ioan Fiscuteanu, Luminata Gheorghiu, Gabriel Spahiu, Doru Ana, Dana Dogaru, Serban Pavlu, Florin Zamfirescu, Clara Voda, Adrian Titieni, Mihai Bratila
"The grinding ordeal endured by the ailing title character of The Death of Mr. Lazarescu, a thorny masterpiece by the Romanian director Cristi Puiu, concludes well after 3 a.m. in a Bucharest hospital as he lies dying, unattended on a gurney. That's more than five hours after this 62-year-old patient (Fiscuteanu) is carted by ambulance from his shabby, foul-smelling apartment to the first of four unwelcoming city hospitals… A sustained triumph of ensemble acting, the film seems so absolutely real it absorbs you into its world the same way a documentary like Frederick Wiseman's 1970 Hospital seeps into your consciousness." - Stephen Holden, The New York Times
Selected by Pawel Pawlikowski, Lenny Abrahamson, Myroslav Slaboshpytskiy, Mike Leigh, Kleber Mendonça Filho.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
428
426
Two-Lane Blacktop

Two-Lane Blacktop


1971 / USA / 101m / Col / Drama, Road Movie
James Taylor, Warren Oates, Laurie Bird, Dennis Wilson, David Drake, Richard Ruth, Rudy Wurlitzer, Jaclyn Hellman, Bill Keller, Harry Dean Stanton
"Drag racing east from Los Angeles in a souped-up ’55 Chevy are the wayward Driver and Mechanic (singer-songwriter James Taylor and the Beach Boys’ Dennis Wilson)… Along the way, they meet Warren Oates’s Pontiac GTO–driving wanderer and challenge him to a cross-country race… But no summary can do justice to the existential punch of Two-Lane Blacktop. With its gorgeous widescreen compositions and sophisticated look at American male obsession, this stripped-down narrative from maverick director Monte Hellman is one of the artistic high points of 1970s cinema, and possibly the greatest road movie ever made." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Nicole Brenez, Vic Pratt, Marcelo Alderete, Rolando Caputo, Regina Schlagnitweit.
427
402
Shadows

Shadows


1959 / USA / 87m / BW / Drama, Ensemble Film
Lelia Goldoni, Ben Carruthers, Hugh Hurd, Anthony Ray, Rupert Crosse, Dennis Sallas, Tom Allen, David Pokitillow, David Jones, Pir Marini
"John Cassavetes’ directorial debut revolves around an interracial romance between Lelia (Goldoni), a light-skinned black woman living in New York City with her two brothers, and Tony (Ray), a white man. The relationship crumbles when Tony meets Lelia’s brother Hugh (Hurd), a talented dark-skinned jazz singer struggling to find work, and discovers the truth about Lelia’s racial heritage. Shot on location in Manhattan with a cast and crew made up primarily of amateurs, Cassavetes’ Shadows is a visionary work that is widely considered the forerunner of the American independent film movement." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Carlos Diegues, Adam Hyman, Andrew Šprah, Balazs Vizer, Bruce Jenkins.
426
405
A Star is Born

A Star is Born


1954 / USA / 154m / Col / Musical, Showbiz Drama
Judy Garland, James Mason, Jack Carson, Charles Bickford, Tommy Noonan, Lucy Marlow, Amanda Blake, Irving Bacon, Hazel Shermet, James Brown
"Brutally cut after its first release and further disfigured by the insertion of the long, tasteless production number “Born in a Trunk,” George Cukor's 1954 film somehow survives—and even touches greatness at times. Judy Garland gives everything she has as the young star on the way up; her performance is an emotional autobiography. And James Mason, as the aging star on the way out, balances her vulnerability with a tense distance, transcending the pathos his part was written for. This was Cukor's first complete film in color and his first in 'Scope: both elements are used with a bold assurance and perfect expressiveness." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by Kevin Thomas, Mike D'Angelo, Linda Ruth Williams, Isild Le Besco, Shu Kei.
425
417
The White Ribbon

The White Ribbon

Das Weisse Band - Eine deutsche Kindergeschichte (original title)

2009 / Germany-Austria-France-Italy / 144m / BW / Drama, Period Film
Christian Friedel, Ernst Jacobi, Leonie Benesch, Ulrich Tukur, Ursina Lardi, Fion Mutert, Michael Kranz, Burghart Klaubner, Steffi Kuhnert, Maria-Victoria Dragus
"Michael Haneke’s period political epic tells the lacerating saga of collective brutality and guilt in a northern-German village two decades before Hitler came to power… The film is both draining and enthralling, sternly minimalist and beautifully filmed (in black and white). Working with the skill of an autopsy surgeon, Haneke depicts a town where the adults’ passions have soured into prejudices, yet children are so desperate to please their parents, they often burst into tears. The White Ribbon is as epic as any Tolkien or Rowling movie adaptation, but it’s also an epic tragedy: of the monstrous evil that corrupts and destroys ordinary folks." - Richard Corliss, TIME
Selected by Mike Newell, Lone Scherfig, Sabine Niewalda, Paul Whitington, Nachman Ingber.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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The Long Goodbye

The Long Goodbye


1973 / USA / 112m / Col / Mystery, Post-Noir (Modern Noir)
Elliott Gould, Nina Van Pallandt, Sterling Hayden, Mark Rydell, Henry Gibson, David Arkin, Jim Bouton, Warren Berlinger, Jo Ann Brody, Arnold Schwarzenegger
"Robert Altman's 1973 neo-noir was a minor hit upon its initial release, but it's never made it into the pantheon with Nashville and McCabe & Mrs. Miller, despite being (at least) their equal. Elliot Gould is brilliantly cast against type as Philip Marlowe, a sleepy caricature of Chandler's hard-boiled private eye… Altman uses the detective genre as a tool to investigate itself, which in this case means peeling back the layers of artifice from a Los Angeles where even security guards do Barbara Stanwyck impressions… The result is a reinvention of the genre that has rarely been matched (Miller's Crossing is neck-and-neck) and never been surpassed." - Sam Adams, Philadelphia City Paper
Selected by Yorgos Lanthimos, Guy Maddin, Nick Roddick, Andrew Lampert, Andrew Pulver.
See also 1,000 Noir Films.
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439
Closely Watched Trains

Closely Watched Trains

Ostre sledované vlaky (original title); Closely Observed Trains (UK title)

1966 / Czechoslovakia / 89m / BW / War, Comedy Drama
Vaclav Neckar, Jitka Bendova, Vladimir Valenta, Josef Somr, Vlastimil Brodsky, Jiri Menzel, Libuse Havelkova, Alois Vachek, Jitka Zelenohorska, Ferdinand Kruta
"At a village railway station in occupied Czechoslovakia, a bumbling dispatcher’s apprentice longs to liberate himself from his virginity. Oblivious to the war and the resistance that surrounds him, this young man embarks on a journey of sexual awakening and self-discovery, encountering a universe of frustration, eroticism, and adventure within his sleepy backwater depot. Wry and tender, Academy Award-winning Closely Watched Trains is a masterpiece of human observation and one of the best-loved films of the Czech New Wave." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Mike Newell, Ken Loach, Kleber Mendonça Filho, Andrew Pulver, Alexey Medvedev.
422
406
Out 1, noli me tangere

Out 1, noli me tangere

Out 1 (alternative title)
1971 / France / 729m / Col-BW / Drama, Comedy
Michele Moretti, Hermine Karagheuz, Karen Puig, Pierre Baillot, Marcel Bozonnet, Jean-Pierre Leaud, Michel Lonsdale, Sylvain Corthay, Edwine Moatti, Bernadette Onfroy
"An eight-part serial running about 12 and a half hours, this 1971 comedy drama is Jacques Rivette's grandest experiment and most exciting adventure in filmmaking. Balzac's History of the Thirteen, about a few Parisians who hope to control the city through their hidden interconnections, inspired its tale, dominated by two theater groups and two solitary individuals. Some of the major actors of the French New Wave participated, creating their own characters and improvising their own dialogue… What emerges is the definitive film about 60s counterculture." - Jonathan Rosenbaum, Chicago Reader
Selected by Dennis Lim, Jonathan Romney, Volker Pantenburg, David Ehrenstein, B. Kite.
421
395
Heaven's Gate

Heaven's Gate


1980 / USA / 219m / Col / Epic Western, Revisionist Western
Kris Kristofferson, Christopher Walken, John Hurt, Sam Waterston, Brad Dourif, Isabelle Huppert, Joseph Cotten, Jeff Bridges, Geoffrey Lewis, Ronnie Hawkins
"A breathtaking depiction of the promise and perils of America’s western expansion, Heaven’s Gate, directed by Michael Cimino, is among Hollywood’s most ambitious and unorthodox epics. Kris Kristofferson brings his weathered sensuality to the role of a Harvard graduate who relocates to Wyoming as a federal marshal; there, he learns of a government-sanctioned plot by cattle barons to kill the area’s European settlers for their land. The resulting battle is based on the bloody real-life Johnson County War of 1892… Heaven’s Gate is a savage and ravishingly shot take on western movie lore." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Tetsuya Nakashima, Mark Romanek, Roberto Manassero, Kim Young-Jin, Antonio Campos.
420
387
The Shawshank Redemption

The Shawshank Redemption


1994 / USA / 142m / Col / Drama, Prison Film
Tim Robbins, Morgan Freeman, Bob Gunton, William Sadler, Clancy Brown, Gil Bellows, Mark Rolston, James Whitmore, Jeffrey DeMunn, Larry Brandenburg
"Darabont's adaptation of a Stephen King novella is a throwback to the kind of serious, literate drama Hollywood used to make (Birdman of Alcatraz, say), though the big spiritual resolution takes some swallowing… Against this weighs the pleasure of discovering a first-time director with evident respect for the intelligence of his audience, brave enough to let character details accumulate without recourse to the fast-forward button. Darabont plays the long game and wins: this is an engrossing, superbly acted yarn, while the Shawshank itself is a truly formidable mausoleum." - Tom Charity, Time Out
Selected by Li Shaohong, Christopher Nolan, Cameron Crowe, Karen Oughton, Heather Graham.
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415
A Moment of Innocence

A Moment of Innocence

Nun va Goldoon (original title)

1996 / Iran-France / 78m / Col / Comedy Drama, Satire
Mirhadi Taiebi, Ali Bakshi, Ammar Tafti, Mariyam Mohammad-Amini, Fariba Faghiri, Lotfollah Ghaslaghi, Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Moharram Zainlazadeh, Ali Irani, Hana Makhmalbaf
"This 1996 film by Mohsen Makhmalbaf is one of his most seminal and accessible—a reconstruction of a pivotal incident during his teens that landed him in prison for several years during the shah's regime. A fundamentalist and activist at the time, Makhmalbaf stabbed a policeman; as a consequence he was shot and arrested. Two decades later, while auditioning people to appear in his film Salaam Cinema, he encountered the same policeman, now unemployed, and the two wound up collaborating on this film… This is a fascinating humanist experiment and investigation in its own right, full of warmth and humor as well as mystery." - Jonathan Rosenbaum, Chicago Reader
Selected by Dina Iordanova, Mark Cousins, Richard Combs, John Cameron Mitchell, Kim Ji-seok.
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The Turin Horse

The Turin Horse

A Torinói ló (original title)

2011 / Hungary-France-Germany-Switzerland-USA / 146m / BW / Drama, Slice of Life
Janos Derzsi, Erika Bok, Mihaly Kormos, Ricsi
"Béla Tarr claims his ninth feature will be his last. If true, he departs with an intimate epic of grim, formal beauty and disconcerting foreboding. Opening with an equine anecdote about Nietzsche, the action switches to a cottage on a wind-blasted plain where carter János Derzsi ekes out a desperate existence with daughter Erika Bók, whose days are divided between fetching water from the well, cooking potatoes and gazing through the window. It’s gruelling, but utterly riveting: Tarr insists it’s simply a study in arduous monotony, but much can be read into this exceptional exercise in so called ‘remodernist’ cinema. It may be bleak, but this lingers in the mind long after you've seen it." - David Parkinson, Empire
Selected by Pere Portabella, Arturo Ripstein, Edgardo Cozarinsky, Jaan Ruus, Jiří Barta.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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442
Punch-Drunk Love

Punch-Drunk Love


2002 / USA / 95m / Col / Comedy Drama, Romantic Comedy
Adam Sandler, Emily Watson, Luis Guzman, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Mary Lynn Rajskub, Lisa Spector, Julie Hermelin, Karen Hermelin, Hazel Mailloux, Nicole Gelbard
"What do you call Punch-Drunk Love? It's not a musical, because no one sings or dances. But it has the surreal delirium of the great movie musicals. The alternately percussive and swooning music by the brilliant Jon Brion underlines each of its moods in turn—anger, longing, and ecstasy. At its heart the story is boy-meets-girl simple, but the movie is so full of lurches and discordances and flabbergasting non sequiturs that at times it's like an avant-garde dance-theater piece with injections of Saturday Night Live. I imagine that many will find it arch, and, on a narrative level, as bumptiously withholding as its protagonist. I found it exquisite." - David Edelstein, Slate
Selected by Neill Blomkamp, Miranda July, Lee Unkrich, Constantin Popescu, Joko Anwar.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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Mon oncle

Mon oncle

My Uncle (English title)

1958 / France / 126m / Col / Satire, Domestic Comedy
Jacques Tati, Jean-Pierre Zola, Adrienne Servantie, Alain Bercourt, Yvonne Arnaud, Lucien Fregis, Betty Schneider, Dominique Marie, J.F. Martial, Andre Dino
"Mon oncle marks Tati's second go-round as the bumbling, pipe-smoking Monsieur Hulot. This time out the character navigates a changing, increasingly modernized suburban landscape, which is at tremendous odds with his quaintly old-world upbringing. It's not a critique so much as a generous, all-encompassing compare-contrast: Tati never uses comedy to thumb his nose, but to uncover the humanity lurking within his rigorously composed frames. The end of Mon Oncle—in which Hulot's relatives send him off to find a full-time, "respectable" job—segues beautifully into Tati's next effort, the astonishing Play Time (1967)." - Keith Uhlich, Time Out New York
Selected by Aki Kaurismäki, Anton Corbijn, Kriv Stenders, Iulia Blaga, David Lynch.
415
386
Man of Aran

Man of Aran


1934 / UK / 77m / BW / Anthropology, Documentary
Colman "Tiger" King, Maggie Dillane, Michael Dillane, Pat Mullin, Patch Ruadh, Patcheen Faherty, Tommy O'Rourke, "Big Patcheen" Conneely, Stephen Dirrane, Pat McDonough
"Produced over two and a half years on the Aran Islands, Man of Aran studies a battered community that epitomizes the struggle between man and nature… Against the barren rocks and crashing waves, Man of Aran celebrates survival and resilience under punishing conditions, as the islanders dig through crevices for precious soil, fish from towering cliff faces, and battle a massive basking shark for two days, just to render enough oil for their lamps. In stark and pictorially ravishing terms, the film depicts man's heroic relationship with the environment–an unpredictable and merciless source of sustenance, peril, and unvarnished beauty." - Scott Tobias, A.V. Club
Selected by Andrei Ujica, Vladimir Carvalho, Jeff Masino, Sadullo Rakhimov, Vittorio De Seta.
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Easy Rider

Easy Rider


1969 / USA / 94m / Col / Road Movie, Biker Film
Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, Antonio Mendoza, Phil Spector, Jack Nicholson, Warren Finnerty, Mac Mashourian, Tita Colorado, Luke Askew, Luana Anders
"As Billy and “Captain America,” Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda motored down the highway on their Harley Davidsons to the roaring strains of Steppenwolf’s “Born to Be Wild,” the definitive counterculture blockbuster was born. Former clean-cut teen star Hopper’s down-and-dirty directorial debut, Easy Rider heralded the arrival of a new voice in film, one pitched angrily against the mainstream. After Easy Rider’s cross-country journey—with its radical, New Wave–style editing, outsider-rock soundtrack, revelatory performance by a young Jack Nicholson, and explosive ending—the American road trip would never be the same." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Jan Sverák, Mario Van Peebles, Wim Wenders, Roger Donaldson, Kaushik Bhaumik.
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Charulata

Charulata

The Lonely Wife (English title)

1964 / India / 117m / BW / Drama, Romantic Drama
Soumitra Chatterjee, Madhabi Mukherjee, Shailen Mukherjee, Shyamal Ghoshal, Gitali Roy, Bholanath Koyal, Suku Mukherjee, Dilip Bose, Joydeb, Bankim Ghosh
"This relatively early film by Satyajit Ray, based on a Tagore novel of Victorian India, may be the first of his features in which he really discovers mise-en-scene, and it's an exhilarating encounter. It's typically rich in the nuances of grief and in extraordinarily allusive dialogue, though not very much happens in terms of plot (a sensitive woman is neglected by her newspaper-publisher husband and drawn to his younger cousin). But at every moment, the gorgeous cinematography and expressive camera movements and dissolves have plenty of stories of their own to tell. You shouldn't miss this." - Dave Kehr, Chicago Reader
Selected by David Stratton, Philip Kemp, Ain-Ling Wong, Naman Ramachandran, Sanjeev Verma.
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385
Fitzcarraldo

Fitzcarraldo


1982 / West Germany / 157m / Col / Adventure Drama, Jungle Film
Klaus Kinski, Claudia Cardinale, Jose Lewgoy, Miguel Angel Fuentes, Paul Hittscher, Huerequeque Bohorquez, Grande Otelo, Peter Berling, David Perez Espinosa, Milton Nascimento
"Werner Herzog's most ambitious film divides audiences between those who laud its astonishing portrait of obsession and its insightful commentary on the absurdity of ambition and those who complain that it is a sterile, loud, boring journey to nowhere. There is, however, no denying the visual and technical magnificence of Herzog's achievement, as the jungle scenes have a palpable sense of authenticity, and those poor natives really DID haul that boat over a mountain. - Dan Jardine, All Movie
Selected by Rupert Wyatt, Baz Luhrmann, Laurie Anderson, Kleber Mendonça Filho, Massimo Causo.
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Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Wo hu cang long (original title)

2000 / Taiwan-Hong Kong-USA-China / 120m / Col / Martial Arts, Romantic Adventure
Chow Yun-Fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi, Chen Chang, Sihung Lung, Pei-pei Cheng, Fazeng Li, Xian Gao, Yan Hai, Deming Wang
"During the final scene in the work of daredevil cinematic artistry that is Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, a major character makes a leap of faith by diving off a mountain into thin air. My advice is that you approach this heartfelt fable with the same outlook and let director Ang Lee be your wings. Here is the kind of filmmaking magic that we've been missing for ages. Lee, the Taiwanese master who made his reputation in America with Sense and Sensibility and The Ice Storm, uses breathless storytelling, ravishing romance and martial-arts miracles to sweep us into adventures beyond our imagining. It's great, gorgeous fun." - Peter Travers, Rolling Stone
Selected by Carrie Rickey, Jeon Chanil, Nandini Ramnath, Tony Jaa, Jurica Pavičić.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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403
Raise the Red Lantern

Raise the Red Lantern

Da hong deng long gao gao gua (original title)

1991 / Hong Kong / 125m / Col / Period Film, Marriage Drama
Gong Li, Ma Jingwu, He Caifei, Cao Cuifeng, Jin Shuyuan, Kong Lin, Ding Weimin, Cui Zhihgang, Chu Xiao, Cao Zhengyin
"Raise the Red Lantern, a magnificent film that confirms Zhang as a world-class director… The setting is northern China in the Twenties. The teenage Songlian (Gong Li) marries the fiftyish Chen (Ma Jingwu), a rich and ruthless man who already has three wives. Each night, servants raise a red lantern in front of the door of the wife whom the master decides to reward with his sexual favors. The struggle among the wives for power, or at least the appearance of it, allows Zhang to suggest disturbing links between past and present. Gong Li delivers a performance of exquisite expressiveness that, like the film itself, is unnerving in its emotional nakedness." - Peter Travers, Rolling Stone
Selected by Girish Kasaravalli, Jerry Schatzberg, Keren Yedaya, Khalo Matabane, Richard Woolley.
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The Cameraman

The Cameraman


1928 / USA / 69m / BW / Slapstick, Romantic Comedy
Buster Keaton, Marceline Day, Harry Gribbon, Harold Goodwin, Sidney Bracey, Edward Brophy, Richard Alexander, Ray Cooke, Vernon Dent, William Irving
"Buster Keaton's 1928 film on the problems and principles of making movies. Directed by Edward Sedgwick, the film follows the adventures of Keaton as he tries to become a cameraman for the Hearst newsreel company, and it includes some of the best asides on the techniques and psychology of shooting films ever captured in a movie. In many ways it summarizes Keaton's career and makes a marvelous companion piece to his other film-about-film, Sherlock Jr." - Don Druker, Chicago Reader
Selected by Paolo Mereghetti, Fernando Trueba, Mariano Llinás, Koichi Yamada, Clare Stewart.
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Five Easy Pieces

Five Easy Pieces


1970 / USA / 98m / Col / Drama, Road Movie
Jack Nicholson, Karen Black, Lois Smith, Billy Green Bush, Susan Anspach, Helena Kallianiotes, William Challee, Fannie Flagg, Sally Struthers, Marlena MacGuire
"Following Jack Nicholson’s breakout supporting turn in Easy Rider, director Bob Rafelson devised a powerful leading role for the new star in the searing character study Five Easy Pieces. Nicholson plays the now iconic cad Bobby Dupea, a shiftless thirtysomething oil rigger and former piano prodigy immune to any sense of romantic or familial responsibility, who returns to his childhood home to see his ailing, estranged father, blue-collar girlfriend (Black) in tow. Moving in its simplicity and gritty in its textures, Five Easy Pieces is a lasting example of early 1970s American alienation." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Andrew Haigh, Angelina Nikonova, Bálint Szalóky, Ben Gibson, Mirsad Purivatra.
407
397
The Cloud-Capped Star

The Cloud-Capped Star

Meghe Dhaka Tara (original title)

1960 / India / 126m / BW / Family Drama, Rural Drama
Supriya Choudhury, Anil Chatterjee, Bijon Bhattacharya, Niranjan Ray, Gita Ghatak, Gita De, Dwiju Bhawal, Gyanesh Mukherjee, Ranen Ray Choudhury, Satindra Bhattacharya
"For Western viewers it's perhaps most easily approached as a bitter critique of harsh social and economic conditions, particularly those arising from the 1947 Partition of East Bengal. More interesting cinematically, however, is Ghatak's inventive, not quite naturalistic treatment of the story: in order to underline or undercut certain elements in terms of narrative, theme and characterisation, the performances, images, music and, most especially, sound are given almost expressionist nuances." - Geoff Andrew, Time Out
Selected by Alexander Horwath, Nasreen Munni Kabir, Raymond Bellour, Shoma A. Chatterji, Carol Morley.
406
375
Pasted Graphic

Network


1976 / USA / 121m / Col / Comedy Drama, Media Satire
Faye Dunaway, William Holden, Peter Finch, Robert Duvall, Wesley Addy, Ned Beatty, Arthur Burghardt, Bill Burrows, John Carpenter, Jordan Charney
"Two decades later, this iconic American New Wave renegade text is even more startling than it once was—was Hollywood ever this cerebral, this caustic, this ethically apocalyptic? That 90 percent of Network's satire has become fulfilled prophecy by now doesn't take the shine off of its broadsword. Reality-show whoredom, death TV, New Globalistic anti-humanism, audience as robotic consumer—it's all here and all still hamburger in the teeth of this movie, written with hissing rage and in huge, thoughtful paragraphs by Paddy Chayefsky and directed with a vivid sense of '70s genuineness by Sidney Lumet." - Michael Atkinson, The Village Voice
Selected by Cyrus Frisch, George Clooney, Bennett Miller, David Michôd, P.J. Hogan.
405
404
Monty Python's Life of Brian

Monty Python's Life of Brian

Life of Brian (alternative title)

1979 / UK / 93m / Col / Parody/Spoof, Religious Comedy
Terry Jones, Graham Chapman, Michael Palin, John Cleese, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam, Carol Cleveland, Kenneth Colley, Gwen Taylor, Terence Bayler
"From the opening sequence, in which Brian is born in a manger next door to Joseph and Mary's, to the classic closing musical number of "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life," sung by a chorus of crucified criminals, Life of Brian leaves no piety unscathed. And it's the apotheosis of Pythonesque humor, an absurdist grab bag of the non sequiturs, puns and bawdy Britishisms that endeared the comedy troupe to the generation of Americans who came of age during the run of "Monty Python's Flying Circus" on TV in the 1970s… The movie still holds up beautifully, as both pointed satire and silly, stakes-free comedy." - Ann Hornaday, Washington Post
Selected by Andrew Kotting, Bence Fliegauf, Karen Oughton, Nancy Savoca, Michel Chion.
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Platform

Platform

Zhantai (original title)

2000 / China-Hong Kong-Japan-France / 154m / Col / Comedy Drama, Ensemble Film
Hong Wei Wang, Tao Zhao, Jing Dong Liang, Tian Yi Yang, Bo Wang, Sanming Han
"Fenyang in Shanxi Province, Jia's hometown and already the setting for Xiao Wu, provides the anchor for an epic account of the changes in China's pop culture in the 1980s, as seen across the lives of four friends. In 1979 all four are members of a state-run variety troupe, presenting Maoist propaganda shows to passive audiences in the sticks. By the mid-1980s, when state support is withdrawn and the troupe tries to reform as a private enterprise, everything is different... Jia uses large-scale vignettes, filmed in sequence shots, to chart ten years of far-reaching social changes and their psychological repercussions. A masterly achievement." - Tony Rayns, Time Out
Selected by Dennis Lim, Gavin Smith, Nobuhiro Yamashita, Andréa Picard, Kaushik Bhaumik.
See also The 21st Century's Most Acclaimed Films.
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401
I Know Where I'm Going!

I Know Where I'm Going!


1945 / UK / 91m / BW / Drama, Romance
Wendy Hiller, Roger Livesey, Finlay Currie, Pamela Brown, Nancy Price, John Laurie, Norman Shelley, Catherine Lacey, George Carney, Walter Hudd
"The film isn't as deep or ambitious as some of the Powell-Pressburger films that followed, but it's still a delightful love story, blessed with attractive leads, lovely locations, and witty dialogue. Easily the equal of any contemporaneous Hollywood romance, Where I'm Going features an underlying motif of eschewing materialism for more sublime pleasures—driven home by Livesey's classic line, "They're not poor, they just haven't any money." - Noel Murray, A.V. Club
Selected by Molly Haskell, Nick James, Anne Thompson, Charles Whitehouse, Christian Keathley.
402
389
Army of Shadows

Army of Shadows

L'Armée des ombres (original title); Army in the Shadows (alternative title)

1969 / France-Italy / 140m / Col / Resistance Film, War Drama
Lino Ventura, Paul Meurisse, Simone Signoret, Jean-Pierre Cassel, Claude Mann, Paul Crauchet, Christian Barbier, Serge Reggiani, Andre Dewavrin, Alain Dekok
"This masterpiece by Jean-Pierre Melville about the French Resistance went unreleased in the United States for thirty-seven years, until its triumphant theatrical debut in 2006. Atmospheric and gripping, Army of Shadows is Melville’s most personal film, featuring Lino Ventura, Paul Meurisse, Jean-Pierre Cassel, and the incomparable Simone Signoret as intrepid underground fighters who must grapple with their conception of honor in their battle against Hitler’s regime." - The Criterion Collection
Selected by Rupert Wyatt, Lawrence Kasdan, Adrian Danks, Andrew Pulver, Gary Indiana.
401
374
Don't Look Back

Don't Look Back


1967 / USA / 96m / BW / Music, Documentary
Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Donovan, Albert Grossman, Bob Neuwirth, Alan Price, Tito Burns, Derroll Adams, Chris Ellis, Allen Ginsberg
"An unforgettable all-access pass behind the scenes of Bob Dylan's '65 British tour, D.A. Pennebaker's landmark 1967 rock doc all but invented the form while presaging the music video with its oft-copied "Subterranean Homesick Blues" clip. Pennebaker hangs with Dylan and his entourage (including Joan Baez, Alan Price, and the droll Bob Neuwirth) as they move through a blur of indistinguishable hotel rooms and concert halls, pursued by highbrow journalists who want to talk to the oracle. The concert footage of the young Dylan in his punky prime is electrifying, but the most fun comes from the privileged glimpses of his sadistic wit." - Jim Ridley, The Village Voice
Selected by John Cameron Mitchell, Andrew Šprah, Bill Nichols, Carlos Reviriego, Charles Musser.